Golden Temple is located in the city of Amritsar in the state of Punjab. The temple is also known as Harmandir Sahib. Golden Temple was initially built around 1574 A.D. Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, the eternal Guru of the Sikhs is located inside the temple.
The Golden Temple is one of the famous pilgrimage spots in India. It is also known as Harmandir Sahib and is a scared place for the Sikh community. Thousands of tourists and pilgrims come to the Golden Temple all over the year. The temple is located in the city of Amritsar in the state of Punjab.
- Darshani Deori: This is the main entrance, sporting a distinctly Victorian clock-tower.
- Amrit Sarovar: The giant pool of water that surrounds and reflects the Golden Temple.
- Harmandir Sahib: This is the Golden Temple itself, floating above the Amrit Sarovar, housing the sacred Adi Granth scripture which is recited out loud during the day. This is the most crowded point, accessible by a bridge from the edge of the pool, and entry here is regulated by guards.
- Akal Takht: directly opposite the Harmandir Sahib. Meaning “the Timeless, this is where the highest council of Sikhs sits and deliberates. At night, the Guru Granth Sahib is taken to the Akal Takht.
- Central Sikh Museum: 2nd floor (entrance on the right side of the main side of the main entrance). Devoted to large gallery of paintings, mostly showing the gruesome ways countless Sikhs have been martyred, and various knick-knacks from the gurus. Free.
Festivals and Events
Baisakhi, the festival of spring, is celebrated every year on 13th of April, and is believed to be extremely auspicious because it is on this day that Guru Gobind Singh founded the Khalsa Panth. It is also believed that wheat crop is ready for harvesting and on this day, farmers start reaping the harvest for which they have waited patiently. The Guru Granth Sahib is read in all the Gurdwaras and a procession is carried out in the city.
Guru Nanak Jayanti falls in the month of October commemorating the birthday of Guru Nanak Devji Maharaj. The Guru Granth Sahib is read and langars (community feast) are organized in the Gurdwaras and at homes.
Amritsar Travel Tips:
Amritsar is divided into old and new parts of the city. The Golden Temple is located in the old part, which is full of bazaars, only 15 minutes from the railway station. A free bus runs regularly (every 45 minutes) from the station to the Golden Temple. When you visit the Golden Temple, you can join the pilgrims for a free feed of common food from the kitchen, called “Guru Ka Langar”.
The best time to visit the temple is in the winter months (October to March) when the weather is pleasant and it even gets cold here. However the winter months are the best suited for sightseeing. Summers should be avoided as it can get blisteringly hot. An early morning or late night visit to the temple is special as the atmosphere is serene and very peaceful.
The temple remains open on all days and can be visited from 4:00 am to 10:00 pm in the summer months and 5:00 am to 9:00 pm in wint
Amritsar is well connected to all the major cities of nor
n India. Important destinations include Delhi, Shimla, Chandigarh, Dehradun,
Rishikesh, Kullu, Manali and Jammu. It is at a distance of 234 km from Chandigarh.